Friedrich Ernst, known as the “Father of German Immigration,” wrote such glowing letters about his new home in Texas, that Germans began arriving in small groups. Then, twenty-one German nobleman began a poorly-planned immigration program that led thousands of settlers––many to their death––to the barren shore of Matagorda Bay. Some of the immigrants remained on the coast and began a community that grew into the thriving seaport of Indianola. The first wave that continued inland established New Braunfels in 1845 and then moved on the following year to begin Fredericksburg. German immigrants spread out across Texas coloring the landscape with handwork and success.